Web development refers to the creation, construction and maintenance of websites. It includes aspects such as web design, web publishing, web programming, and database management. It is about creating an application that works on the Internet, that is, websites.
HTML: HTML stands for Hypertext Markup Language. It is used to design the front-end of web pages using markup language. It acts as the skeleton of a website as it is used to create the structure of a website.
CSS: Cascading Style Sheets, affectionately known as CSS, is a simple layout language intended to simplify the process of creating presentable web pages. It is used to design our website.
Bootstrap: Bootstrap is a free and open source toolset for building responsive websites and web applications. It is the most popular CSS framework for developing mobile responsive websites. Websites these days are great for all browsers (IE, Firefox, and Chrome) and for all screen sizes (desktops, tablets, phablets, and phones).
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The backend is the server side of a website. It is the part of the website that users cannot see or interact with. It is the part of the software that does not come into direct contact with users. It is used to store and organize data.
Front-end developers work on the client or user side of websites, programs, and software—in other words, what users see. They design and develop the visual aspects, including layout, navigation, graphics, and other aesthetic aspects.
The main task of these developers is to create interfaces that help users achieve their goals, which is why they often also contribute to the user experience aspect of their projects. User experience training helps front-end developers develop empathy for end users.
While web development generally refers to web coding and markup, it encompasses all related development tasks such as:
Why is web development important?
You could be a business owner hiring a freelance developer to build your website, a marketer bringing insight to your development team, or a student studying development as a career. No matter who you are or why you’re reading this guide, understanding the basics of website development can help you in this technology-driven world.
What is a website?
Websites are files stored on servers, which are computers that host websites (fancy term for “store files for”). These servers are connected to a vast network called the Internet… or the World Wide Web (if we stick to 1990s terminology). We’ll talk more about servers in the next section.
Browsers are computer programs that load websites through your Internet connection, such as B. Google Chrome or Internet Explorer. Your computer is also called a client.